"In Remembrance of Me"
[This chapter is based on
Matt. 26:20-29; Mark 14:17-25; Luke 22:14-23; John 13:18-30.]
"The Lord Jesus the same night in which He was betrayed took
bread: and when He had given thanks, He brake it, and said, Take, eat:
this is My body, which is broken for you: this do in remembrance of Me.
After the same manner also He took the cup, when He had supped, saying,
This cup is the new testament in My blood: this do ye, as oft as ye
drink it, in remembrance of Me. For as often as ye eat this bread, and
drink this cup, ye do show the Lord's death till He come." 1 Cor.
Christ was standing at the point of transition between two economies
and their two great festivals. He, the spotless Lamb of God, was about
to present Himself as a sin offering, that He would thus bring to an end
the system of types and ceremonies that for four thousand years had
pointed to His death. As He ate the Passover with His disciples, He
instituted in its place the service that was to be the memorial of His
great sacrifice. The national festival of the Jews was to pass away
forever. The service which Christ established was to be observed by His
followers in all lands and through all ages.
The Passover was ordained as a commemoration of the deliverance of
Israel from Egyptian bondage. God had directed that, year by year, as
the children should ask the meaning of this ordinance, the history
should be repeated. Thus the wonderful deliverance was to be kept fresh
in the minds of all. The ordinance of the Lord's Supper was given to
commemorate the great deliverance wrought out as the result of the death
of Christ. Till He shall come the second time in power and glory, this
ordinance is to be celebrated. It is the means by which His great work
for us is to be kept fresh in our minds.
At the time of their deliverance from Egypt, the children of Israel
ate the Passover supper standing, with their loins girded, and with
their staves in their hands, ready for their journey. The manner in
which they celebrated this ordinance harmonized with their condition;
for they were about to be thrust out of the land of Egypt, and were to
begin a painful and difficult journey through the wilderness. But in
Christ's time the condition of things had changed. They were not now
about to be thrust out of a strange country, but were dwellers in their
own land. In harmony with the rest that had been given them, the people
then partook of the Passover supper in a reclining position. Couches
were placed about the table, and the guests lay upon them, resting upon
the left arm, and having the right hand free for use in eating. In this
position a guest could lay his head upon the breast of the one who sat
next above him. And the feet, being at the outer edge of the couch,
could be washed by one passing around the outside of the circle.
Christ is still at the table on which the paschal supper has been
spread. The unleavened cakes used at the Passover season are before Him.
The Passover wine, untouched by fermentation, is on the table. These
emblems Christ employs to represent His own unblemished sacrifice.
Nothing corrupted by fermentation, the symbol of sin and death, could
represent the "Lamb without blemish and without spot." 1 Peter
"And as they were eating, Jesus took bread, and blessed it, and
brake it, and gave it to the disciples, and said, Take, eat; this is My
body. And He took the cup, and gave thanks, and gave it to them, saying,
Drink ye all of it; for this is My blood of the new testament, which is
shed for many for the remission of sins. But I say unto you, I will not
drink henceforth of this fruit of the vine, until that day when I drink
it new with you in My Father's kingdom."
Judas the betrayer was present at the sacramental service. He
received from Jesus the emblems of His broken body and His spilled
blood. He heard the words, "This do in remembrance of Me." And
sitting there in the very presence of the Lamb of God, the betrayer
brooded upon his own dark purposes, and cherished his sullen, revengeful
At the feet washing, Christ had given convincing proof that He
understood the character of Judas. "Ye are not all clean"
(John 13:11), He said. These words convinced the false disciple that
Christ read his secret purpose. Now Christ spoke out more plainly. As
they were seated at the table He said, looking upon His disciples,
"I speak not of you all: I know whom I have chosen: but that the
scripture may be fulfilled, He that eateth bread with Me hath lifted up
his heel against Me."
Even now the disciples did not suspect Judas. But they saw that
Christ appeared greatly troubled. A cloud settled over them all, a
premonition of some dreadful calamity, the nature of which they did not
understand. As they ate in silence, Jesus said, "Verily I say unto
you, that one of you shall betray Me." At these words amazement and
consternation seized them. They could not comprehend how any one of them
could deal treacherously with their divine Teacher. For what cause could
they betray Him? and to whom? Whose heart could give birth to such a
design? Surely not one of the favored twelve, who had been privileged
above all others to hear His teachings, who had shared His wonderful
love, and for whom He had shown such great regard by bringing them into
close communion with Himself!
As they realized the import of His words, and remembered how true His
sayings were, fear and self-distrust seized them. They began to search
their own hearts to see if one thought against their Master were
harbored there. With the most painful emotion, one after another
inquired, "Lord, is it I?" But Judas sat silent. John in deep
distress at last inquired, "Lord, who is it?" And Jesus
answered, "He that dippeth his hand with Me in the dish, the same
shall betray Me. The Son of man goeth as it is written of Him: but woe
unto that man by whom the Son of man is betrayed! it had been good for
that man if he had not been born." The disciples had searched one
another's faces closely as they asked, "Lord, is it I?" And
now the silence of Judas drew all eyes to him. Amid the confusion of
questions and expressions of astonishment, Judas had not heard the words
of Jesus in answer to John's question. But now, to escape the scrutiny
of the disciples, he asked as they had done, "Master, is it
I?" Jesus solemnly replied, "Thou hast said."
In surprise and confusion at the exposure of his purpose, Judas rose
hastily to leave the room. "Then said Jesus unto him, That thou
doest, do quickly. . . . He then having received the sop went
immediately out: and it was night." Night it was to the traitor as
he turned away from Christ into the outer darkness.
Until this step was taken, Judas had not passed beyond the
possibility of repentance. But when he left the presence of his Lord and
his fellow disciples, the final decision had been made. He had passed
the boundary line.
Wonderful had been the long-suffering of Jesus in His dealing with
this tempted soul. Nothing that could be done to save Judas had been
left undone. After he had twice covenanted to betray his Lord, Jesus
still gave him opportunity for repentance. By reading the secret purpose
of the traitor's heart, Christ gave to Judas the final, convincing
evidence of His divinity. This was to the false disciple the last call
to repentance. No appeal that the divine-human heart of Christ could
make had been spared. The waves of mercy, beaten back by stubborn pride,
returned in a stronger tide of subduing love. But although surprised and
alarmed at the discovery of his guilt, Judas became only the more
determined. From the sacramental supper he went out to complete the work
In pronouncing the woe upon Judas, Christ also had a purpose of mercy
toward His disciples. He thus gave them the crowning evidence of His
Messiahship. "I tell you before it come," He said, "that,
when it is come to pass, ye may believe that I AM." Had Jesus
remained silent, in apparent ignorance of what was to come upon Him, the
disciples might have thought that their Master had not divine foresight,
and had been surprised and betrayed into the hands of the murderous mob.
A year before, Jesus had told the disciples that He had chosen twelve,
and that one was a devil. Now His words to Judas, showing that his
treachery was fully known to his Master, would strengthen the faith of
Christ's true followers during His humiliation. And when Judas should
have come to his dreadful end, they would remember the woe that Jesus
had pronounced upon the betrayer.
And the Saviour had still another purpose. He had not withheld His
ministry from him whom He knew to be a traitor. The disciples did not
understand His words when He said at the feet washing, "Ye are not
all clean," nor yet when at the table He declared, "He that
eateth bread with Me hath lifted up his heel against Me." John
13:11, 18. But afterward, when His meaning was made plain, they had
something to consider as to the patience and mercy of God toward the
most grievously erring.
Though Jesus knew Judas from the beginning, He washed his feet. And
the betrayer was privileged to unite with Christ in partaking of the
sacrament. A long-suffering Saviour held out every inducement for the
sinner to receive Him, to repent, and to be cleansed from the defilement
of sin. This example is for us. When we suppose one to be in error and
sin, we are not to divorce ourselves from him. By no careless separation
are we to leave him a prey to temptation, or drive him upon Satan's
battleground. This is not Christ's method. It was because the disciples
were erring and faulty that He washed their feet, and all but one of the
twelve were thus brought to repentance.
Christ's example forbids exclusiveness at the Lord's Supper. It is
true that open sin excludes the guilty. This the Holy Spirit plainly
teaches. 1 Cor. 5:11. But beyond this none are to pass judgment. God has
not left it with men to say who shall present themselves on these
occasions. For who can read the heart? Who can distinguish the tares
from the wheat? "Let a man examine himself, and so let him eat of
that bread, and drink of that cup." For "whosoever shall eat
this bread, and drink this cup of the Lord, unworthily, shall be guilty
of the body and blood of the Lord." "He that eateth and
drinketh unworthily, eateth and drinketh damnation to himself, not
discerning the Lord's body." 1 Cor. 11:28, 27, 29.
When believers assemble to celebrate the ordinances, there are
present messengers unseen by human eyes. There may be a Judas in the
company, and if so, messengers from the prince of darkness are there,
for they attend all who refuse to be controlled by the Holy Spirit.
Heavenly angels also are present. These unseen visitants are present on
every such occasion. There may come into the company persons who are not
in heart servants of truth and holiness, but who may wish to take part
in the service. They should not be forbidden. There are witnesses
present who were present when Jesus washed the feet of the disciples and
of Judas. More than human eyes beheld the scene.
Christ by the Holy Spirit is there to set the seal to His own
ordinance. He is there to convict and soften the heart. Not a look, not
a thought of contrition, escapes His notice. For the repentant,
brokenhearted one He is waiting. All things are ready for that soul's
reception. He who washed the feet of Judas longs to wash every heart
from the stain of sin.
None should exclude themselves from the Communion because some who
are unworthy may be present. Every disciple is called upon to
participate publicly, and thus bear witness that he accepts Christ as a
personal Saviour. It is at these, His own appointments, that Christ
meets His people, and energizes them by His presence. Hearts and hands
that are unworthy may even administer the ordinance, yet Christ is there
to minister to His children. All who come with their faith fixed upon
Him will be greatly blessed. All who neglect these seasons of divine
privilege will suffer loss. Of them it may appropriately be said,
"Ye are not all clean."
In partaking with His disciples of the bread and wine, Christ pledged
Himself to them as their Redeemer. He committed to them the new
covenant, by which all who receive Him become children of God, and joint
heirs with Christ. By this covenant every blessing that heaven could
bestow for this life and the life to come was theirs. This covenant deed
was to be ratified with the blood of Christ. And the administration of
the Sacrament was to keep before the disciples the infinite sacrifice
made for each of them individually as a part of the great whole of
But the Communion service was not to be a season of sorrowing. This
was not its purpose. As the Lord's disciples gather about His table,
they are not to remember and lament their shortcomings. They are not to
dwell upon their past religious experience, whether that experience has
been elevating or depressing. They are not to recall the differences
between them and their brethren. The preparatory service has embraced
all this. The self-examination, the confession of sin, the reconciling
of differences, has all been done. Now they come to meet with Christ.
They are not to stand in the shadow of the cross, but in its saving
light. They are to open the soul to the bright beams of the Sun of
Righteousness. With hearts cleansed by Christ's most precious blood, in
full consciousness of His presence, although unseen, they are to hear
His words, "Peace I leave with you, My peace I give unto you: not
as the world giveth, give I unto you." John 14:27.
Our Lord says, Under conviction of sin, remember that I died for you.
When oppressed and persecuted and afflicted for My sake and the
gospel's, remember My love, so great that for you I gave My life. When
your duties appear stern and severe, and your burdens too heavy to bear,
remember that for your sake I endured the cross, despising the shame.
When your heart shrinks from the trying ordeal, remember that your
Redeemer liveth to make intercession for you.
The Communion service points to Christ's second coming. It was
designed to keep this hope vivid in the minds of the disciples. Whenever
they met together to commemorate His death, they recounted how "He
took the cup, and gave thanks, and gave it to them, saying, Drink ye all
of it; for this is My blood of the new testament, which is shed for many
for the remission of sins. But I say unto you, I will not drink
henceforth of this fruit of the vine, until that day when I drink it new
with you in My Father's kingdom." In their tribulation they found
comfort in the hope of their Lord's return. Unspeakably precious to them
was the thought, "As often as ye eat this bread, and drink this
cup, ye do show the Lord's death till He come." 1 Cor. 11:26.
These are the things we are never to forget. The love of Jesus, with
its constraining power, is to be kept fresh in our memory. Christ has
instituted this service that it may speak to our senses of the love of
God that has been expressed in our behalf. There can be no union between
our souls and God except through Christ. The union and love between
brother and brother must be cemented and rendered eternal by the love of
Jesus. And nothing less than the death of Christ could make His love
efficacious for us. It is only because of His death that we can look
with joy to His second coming. His sacrifice is the center of our hope.
Upon this we must fix our faith.
The ordinances that point to our Lord's humiliation and suffering are
regarded too much as a form. They were instituted for a purpose. Our
senses need to be quickened to lay hold of the mystery of godliness. It
is the privilege of all to comprehend, far more than we do, the
expiatory sufferings of Christ. "As Moses lifted up the serpent in
the wilderness," even so has the Son of man been lifted up,
"that whosoever believeth in Him should not perish, but have
eternal life." John 3:14, 15. To the cross of Calvary, bearing a
dying Saviour, we must look. Our eternal interests demand that we show
faith in Christ.
Our Lord has said, "Except ye eat the flesh of the Son of man,
and drink His blood, ye have no life in you. . . . For My flesh is meat
indeed, and My blood is drink indeed." John 6:53-55. This is true
of our physical nature. To the death of Christ we owe even this earthly
life. The bread we eat is the purchase of His broken body. The water we
drink is bought by His spilled blood. Never one, saint or sinner, eats
his daily food, but he is nourished by the body and the blood of Christ.
The cross of Calvary is stamped on every loaf. It is reflected in every
water spring. All this Christ has taught in appointing the emblems of
His great sacrifice. The light shining from that Communion service in
the upper chamber makes sacred the provisions for our daily life. The
family board becomes as the table of the Lord, and every meal a
And how much more are Christ's words true of our spiritual nature. He
declares, "Whoso eateth My flesh, and drinketh My blood, hath
eternal life." It is by receiving the life for us poured out on
Calvary's cross, that we can live the life of holiness. And this life we
receive by receiving His word, by doing those things which He has
commanded. Thus we become one with Him. "He that eateth My
flesh," He says, "and drinketh My blood, dwelleth in Me, and I
in him. As the living Father hath sent Me, and I live by the Father: so
he that eateth Me, even he shall live by Me." John 6:54, 56, 57. To
the holy Communion this scripture in a special sense applies. As faith
contemplates our Lord's great sacrifice, the soul assimilates the
spiritual life of Christ. That soul will receive spiritual strength from
every Communion. The service forms a living connection by which the
believer is bound up with Christ, and thus bound up with the Father. In
a special sense it forms a connection between dependent human beings and
As we receive the bread and wine symbolizing Christ's broken body and
spilled blood, we in imagination join in the scene of Communion in the
upper chamber. We seem to be passing through the garden consecrated by
the agony of Him who bore the sins of the world. We witness the struggle
by which our reconciliation with God was obtained. Christ is set forth
crucified among us.
Looking upon the crucified Redeemer, we more fully comprehend the
magnitude and meaning of the sacrifice made by the Majesty of heaven.
The plan of salvation is glorified before us, and the thought of Calvary
awakens living and sacred emotions in our hearts. Praise to God and the
Lamb will be in our hearts and on our lips; for pride and self-worship
cannot flourish in the soul that keeps fresh in memory the scenes of
He who beholds the Saviour's matchless love will be elevated in
thought, purified in heart, transformed in character. He will go forth
to be a light to the world, to reflect in some degree this mysterious
love. The more we contemplate the cross of Christ, the more fully shall
we adopt the language of the apostle when he said, "God forbid that
I should glory, save in the cross of our Lord Jesus Christ, by whom the
world is crucified unto me, and I unto the world." Gal. 6:14.
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