A Servant of Servants
[This chapter is based on Luke 22:7-18, 24; John
In the upper chamber of a dwelling at Jerusalem, Christ was sitting
at table with His disciples. They had gathered to celebrate the
Passover. The Saviour desired to keep this feast alone with the twelve.
He knew that His hour was come; He Himself was the true paschal lamb,
and on the day the Passover was eaten He was to be sacrificed. He was
about to drink the cup of wrath; He must soon receive the final baptism
of suffering. But a few quiet hours yet remained to Him, and these were
to be spent for the benefit of His beloved disciples.
The whole life of Christ had been a life of unselfish service.
"Not to be ministered unto, but to minister," (Matt. 20:28),
had been the lesson of His every act. But not yet had the disciples
learned the lesson. At this last Passover supper, Jesus repeated His
teaching by an illustration that impressed it forever on their minds and
The interviews between Jesus and His disciples were usually seasons
of calm joy, highly prized by them all. The Passover suppers had been
scenes of special interest; but upon this occasion Jesus was troubled.
His heart was burdened, and a shadow rested upon His countenance.
As He met the disciples in the upper chamber, they perceived that
something weighed heavily upon His mind, and although they knew not its
cause, they sympathized with His grief.
As they were gathered about the table, He said in tones of touching
sadness, "With desire I have desired to eat this Passover with you
before I suffer: for I say unto you, I will not any more eat thereof,
until it be fulfilled in the kingdom of God. And He took the cup, and
gave thanks, and said, Take this, and divide it among yourselves: for I
say unto you, I will not drink of the fruit of the vine, until the
kingdom of God shall come."
Christ knew that the time had come for Him to depart out of the
world, and go to His Father. And having loved His own that were in the
world, He loved them unto the end. He was now in the shadow of the
cross, and the pain was torturing His heart. He knew that He would be
deserted in the hour of His betrayal. He knew that by the most
humiliating process to which criminals were subjected He would be put to
death. He knew the ingratitude and cruelty of those He had come to save.
He knew how great the sacrifice that He must make, and for how many it
would be in vain. Knowing all that was before Him, He might naturally
have been overwhelmed with the thought of His own humiliation and
suffering. But He looked upon the twelve, who had been with Him as His
own, and who, after His shame and sorrow and painful usage were over,
would be left to struggle in the world. His thoughts of what He Himself
must suffer were ever connected with His disciples. He did not think of
Himself. His care for them was uppermost in His mind.
On this last evening with His disciples, Jesus had much to tell them.
If they had been prepared to receive what He longed to impart, they
would have been saved from heartbreaking anguish, from disappointment
and unbelief. But Jesus saw that they could not bear what He had to say.
As He looked into their faces, the words of warning and comfort were
stayed upon His lips. Moments passed in silence. Jesus appeared to be
waiting. The disciples were ill at ease. The sympathy and tenderness
awakened by Christ's grief seemed to have passed away. His sorrowful
words, pointing to His own suffering, had made little impression. The
glances they cast upon each other told of jealousy and contention.
There was "a strife among them, which of them should be
accounted the greatest." This contention, carried on in the
presence of Christ, grieved and wounded Him. The disciples clung to
their favorite idea that Christ would assert His power, and take His
position on the throne of David. And in heart each still longed for the
highest place in the kingdom. They had placed their own estimate upon
themselves and upon one another, and, instead of regarding their
brethren as more worthy, they had placed themselves first. The request
of James and John to sit on the right and left of Christ's throne had
excited the indignation of the others. That the two brothers should
presume to ask for the highest position so stirred the ten that
alienation threatened. They felt that they were misjudged, that their
fidelity and talents were not appreciated. Judas was the most severe
upon James and John.
When the disciples entered the supper room, their hearts were full of
resentful feelings. Judas pressed next to Christ on the left side; John
was on the right. If there was a highest place, Judas was determined to
have it, and that place was thought to be next to Christ. And Judas was
Another cause of dissension had arisen. At a feast it was customary
for a servant to wash the feet of the guests, and on this occasion
preparation had been made for the service. The pitcher, the basin, and
the towel were there, in readiness for the feet washing; but no servant
was present, and it was the disciples' part to perform it. But each of
the disciples, yielding to wounded pride, determined not to act the part
of a servant. All manifested a stoical unconcern, seeming unconscious
that there was anything for them to do. By their silence they refused to
How was Christ to bring these poor souls where Satan would not gain
over them a decided victory? How could He show that a mere profession of
discipleship did not make them disciples, or insure them a place in His
kingdom? How could He show that it is loving service, true humility,
which constitutes real greatness? How was He to kindle love in their
hearts, and enable them to comprehend what He longed to tell them?
The disciples made no move toward serving one another. Jesus waited
for a time to see what they would do. Then He, the divine Teacher, rose
from the table. Laying aside the outer garment that would have impeded
His movements, He took a towel, and girded Himself. With surprised
interest the disciples looked on, and in silence waited to see what was
to follow. "After that He poureth water into a basin, and began to
wash the disciples' feet, and to wipe them with the towel wherewith He
was girded." This action opened the eyes of the disciples. Bitter
shame and humiliation filled their hearts. They understood the unspoken
rebuke, and saw themselves in altogether a new light.
So Christ expressed His love for His disciples. Their selfish spirit
filled Him with sorrow, but He entered into no controversy with them
regarding their difficulty. Instead He gave them an example they would
never forget. His love for them was not easily disturbed or quenched. He
knew that the Father had given all things into His hands, and that He
came from God, and went to God. He had a full consciousness of His
divinity; but He had laid aside His royal crown and kingly robes, and
had taken the form of a servant. One of the last acts of His life on
earth was to gird Himself as a servant, and perform a servant's part.
Before the Passover Judas had met a second time with the priests and
scribes, and had closed the contract to deliver Jesus into their hands.
Yet he afterward mingled with the disciples as though innocent of any
wrong, and interested in the work of preparing for the feast. The
disciples knew nothing of the purpose of Judas. Jesus alone could read
his secret. Yet He did not expose him. Jesus hungered for his soul. He
felt for him such a burden as for Jerusalem when He wept over the doomed
city. His heart was crying, How can I give thee up? The constraining
power of that love was felt by Judas. When the Saviour's hands were
bathing those soiled feet, and wiping them with the towel, the heart of
Judas thrilled through and through with the impulse then and there to
confess his sin. But he would not humble himself. He hardened his heart
against repentance; and the old impulses, for the moment put aside,
again controlled him. Judas was now offended at Christ's act in washing
the feet of His disciples. If Jesus could so humble Himself, he thought,
He could not be Israel's king. All hope of worldly honor in a temporal
kingdom was destroyed. Judas was satisfied that there was nothing to be
gained by following Christ. After seeing Him degrade Himself, as he
thought, he was confirmed in his purpose to disown Him, and confess
himself deceived. He was possessed by a demon, and he resolved to
complete the work he had agreed to do in betraying his Lord.
Judas, in choosing his position at table, had tried to place himself
first, and Christ as a servant served him first. John, toward whom Judas
had felt so much bitterness, was left till the last. But John did not
take this as a rebuke or slight. As the disciples watched Christ's
action, they were greatly moved. When Peter's turn came, he exclaimed
with astonishment, "Lord, dost Thou wash my feet?" Christ's
condescension broke his heart. He was filled with shame to think that
one of the disciples was not performing this service. "What I
do," Christ said, "thou knowest not now; but thou shalt know
hereafter." Peter could not bear to see his Lord, whom he believed
to be the Son of God, acting the part of a servant. His whole soul rose
up against this humiliation.
He did not realize that for this Christ came into the world. With
great emphasis he exclaimed, "Thou shalt never wash my feet."
Solemnly Christ said to Peter, "If I wash thee not, thou hast no
part with Me." The service which Peter refused was the type of a
higher cleansing. Christ had come to wash the heart from the stain of
sin. In refusing to allow Christ to wash his feet, Peter was refusing
the higher cleansing included in the lower. He was really rejecting his
Lord. It is not humiliating to the Master to allow Him to work for our
purification. The truest humility is to receive with thankful heart any
provision made in our behalf, and with earnestness do service for
At the words, "If I wash thee not, thou hast no part with
Me," Peter surrendered his pride and self-will. He could not endure
the thought of separation from Christ; that would have been death to
him. "Not my feet only," he said, "but also my hands and
my head. Jesus saith to him, He that is washed needeth not save to wash
his feet, but is clean every whit."
These words mean more than bodily cleanliness. Christ is still
speaking of the higher cleansing as illustrated by the lower. He who
came from the bath was clean, but the sandaled feet soon became dusty,
and again needed to be washed. So Peter and his brethren had been washed
in the great fountain opened for sin and uncleanness. Christ
acknowledged them as His. But temptation had led them into evil, and
they still needed His cleansing grace. When Jesus girded Himself with a
towel to wash the dust from their feet, He desired by that very act to
wash the alienation, jealousy, and pride from their hearts. This was of
far more consequence than the washing of their dusty feet. With the
spirit they then had, not one of them was prepared for communion with
Christ. Until brought into a state of humility and love, they were not
prepared to partake of the paschal supper, or to share in the memorial
service which Christ was about to institute. Their hearts must be
cleansed. Pride and self-seeking create dissension and hatred, but all
this Jesus washed away in washing their feet. A change of feeling was
brought about. Looking upon them, Jesus could say, "Ye are
clean." Now there was union of heart, love for one another. They
had become humble and teachable. Except Judas, each was ready to concede
to another the highest place. Now with subdued and grateful hearts hey
could receive Christ's words.
Like Peter and his brethren, we too have been washed in the blood of
Christ, yet often through contact with evil the heart's purity is
soiled. We must come to Christ for His cleansing grace. Peter shrank
from bringing his soiled feet in contact with the hands of his Lord and
Master; but how often we bring our sinful, polluted hearts in contact
with the heart of Christ! How grievous to Him is our evil temper, our
vanity and pride! Yet all our infirmity and defilement we must bring to
Him. He alone can wash us clean. We are not prepared for communion with
Him unless cleansed by His efficacy.
Jesus said to the disciples, "Ye are clean, but not all."
He had washed the feet of Judas, but the heart had not been yielded to
Him. It was not purified. Judas had not submitted himself to Christ.
After Christ had washed the disciples' feet, and had taken His
garments and sat down again, He said to them, "Know ye what I have
done to you? Ye call Me Master and Lord: and ye say well; for so I am.
If I then, your Lord and Master, have washed your feet; ye also ought to
wash one another's feet. For I have given you an example, that ye should
do as I have done to you. Verily, verily, I say unto you, The servant is
not greater than his lord; neither he that is sent greater than he that
Christ would have His disciples understand that although He had
washed their feet, this did not in the least detract from His dignity.
"Ye call Me Master and Lord: and ye say well; for so I am."
And being so infinitely superior, He imparted grace and significance to
the service. No one was so exalted as Christ, and yet He stooped to the
humblest duty. That His people might not be misled by the selfishness
which dwells in the natural heart, and which strengthens by
self-serving, Christ Himself set the example of humility. He would not
leave this great subject in man's charge. Of so much consequence did He
regard it, that He Himself, One equal with God, acted as servant to His
disciples. While they were contending for the highest place, He to whom
every knee shall bow, He whom the angels of glory count it honor to
serve, bowed down to wash the feet of those who called Him Lord. He
washed the feet of His betrayer.
In His life and lessons, Christ has given a perfect exemplification
of the unselfish ministry which has its origin in God. God does not live
for Himself. By creating the world, and by upholding all things, He is
constantly ministering for others. "He maketh His sun to rise on
the evil and on the good, and sendeth rain on the just and on the
unjust." Matt. 5:45. This ideal of ministry God has committed to
His Son. Jesus was given to stand at the head of humanity, that by His
example He might teach what it means to minister. His whole life was
under a law of service. He served all, ministered to all. Thus He lived
the law of God, and by His example showed how we are to obey it.
Again and again Jesus had tried to establish this principle among His
disciples. When James and John made their request for pre-eminence, He
had said, "Whosoever will be great among you, let him be your
minister." Matt. 20:26. In My kingdom the principle of preference
and supremacy has no place. The only greatness is the greatness of
humility. The only distinction is found in devotion to the service of
Now, having washed the disciples' feet, He said, "I have given
you an example, that ye should do as I have done to you." In these
words Christ was not merely enjoining the practice of hospitality. More
was meant than the washing of the feet of guests to remove the dust of
travel. Christ was here instituting a religious service. By the act of
our Lord this humiliating ceremony was made a consecrated ordinance. It
was to be observed by the disciples, that they might ever keep in mind
His lessons of humility and service.
This ordinance is Christ's appointed preparation for the sacramental
service. While pride, variance, and strife for supremacy are cherished,
the heart cannot enter into fellowship with Christ. We are not prepared
to receive the communion of His body and His blood. Therefore it was
that Jesus appointed the memorial of His humiliation to be first
As they come to this ordinance, the children of God should bring to
remembrance the words of the Lord of life and glory: "Know ye what
I have done to you? Ye call Me Master and Lord: and ye say well; for so
I am. If I then, your Lord and Master, have washed your feet; ye also
ought to wash one another's feet. For I have given you an example, that
ye should do as I have done to you. Verily, verily, I say unto you, The
servant is not greater than his lord; neither he that is sent greater
than he that sent him. If ye know these things, happy are ye if ye do
them." There is in man a disposition to esteem himself more highly
than his brother, to work for self, to seek the highest place; and often
this results in evil surmisings and bitterness of spirit. The ordinance
preceding the Lord's Supper is to clear away these misunderstandings, to
bring man out of his selfishness, down from his stilts of
self-exaltation, to the humility of heart that will lead him to serve
The holy Watcher from heaven is present at this season to make it one
of soul searching, of conviction of sin, and of the blessed assurance of
sins forgiven. Christ in the fullness of His grace is there to change
the current of the thoughts that have been running in selfish channels.
The Holy Spirit quickens the sensibilities of those who follow the
example of their Lord. As the Saviour's humiliation for us is
remembered, thought links with thought; a chain of memories is called
up, memories of God's great goodness and of the favor and tenderness of
earthly friends. Blessings forgotten, mercies abused, kindnesses
slighted, are called to mind. Roots of bitterness that have crowded out
the precious plant of love are made manifest. Defects of character,
neglect of duties, ingratitude to God, coldness toward our brethren, are
called to remembrance. Sin is seen in the light in which God views it.
Our thoughts are not thoughts of self-complacency, but of severe
self-censure and humiliation. The mind is energized to break down every
barrier that has caused alienation. Evil thinking and evilspeaking are
put away. Sins are confessed, they are forgiven. The subduing grace of
Christ comes into the soul, and the love of Christ draws hearts together
in a blessed unity.
As the lesson of the preparatory service is thus learned, the desire
is kindled for a higher spiritual life. To this desire the divine
Witness will respond. The soul will be uplifted. We can partake of the
Communion with a consciousness of sins forgiven. The sunshine of
Christ's righteousness will fill the chambers of the mind and the soul
temple. We "behold the Lamb of God, which taketh away the sin of
the world." John 1:29.
To those who receive the spirit of this service, it can never become
a mere ceremonial. Its constant lesson will be, "By love serve one
another." Gal. 5:13. In washing the feet of His disciples, Christ
gave evidence that He would do any service, however humble, that would
make them heirs with Him of the eternal wealth of heaven's treasure. His
disciples, in performing the same rite, pledge themselves in like manner
to serve their brethren. Whenever this ordinance is rightly celebrated,
the children of God are brought into a holy relationship, to help and
bless each other. They covenant that the life shall be given to
unselfish ministry. And this, not only for one another. Their field of
labor is as wide as their Master's was. The world is full of those who
need our ministry. The poor, the helpless, the ignorant, are on every
hand. Those who have communed with Christ in the upper chamber will go
forth to minister as He did.
Jesus, the served of all, came to be the servant of all. And because
He ministered to all, He will again be served and honored by all. And
those who would partake of His divine attributes, and share with Him the
joy of seeing souls redeemed, must follow His example of unselfish
All this was comprehended in the words of Jesus, "I have given
you an example, that ye should do as I have done to you." This was
the intent of the service He established. And He says, "If ye know
these things," if you know the purpose of His lessons, "happy
are ye if ye do them."
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