Other Marks of
"He Shall Speak Great
THE little horn was to
"speak great words against the Most High." Daniel 7:25. We
shall now quote a few extracts from authentic Roman Catholic sources
showing the fulfillment of this prophetic utterance; Pope Leo XIII in
his "Great Encyclical Letters" says: "We hold upon this
earth the place of God Almighty."–P. 804. In this encyclical the
pope has capitalized all pronouns referring to himself and to God.
In a large, authentic work by F.
Lucii Ferraris, called "Prompta Bibliotheca Canonica Juridica
Moralis Theologica," printed at Rome, 1800, and sanctioned by the
Catholic Encyclopedia (Vol. VI, p. 48), we find the following statements
regarding the power of the pope:
"The Pope is of so great
dignity and so exalted that he is not a mere man, but as it were God,
and the vicar of God .... "Hence the Pope is crowned with a triple
crown, as king of heaven and of earth and of the lower regions ....
"So that if it were possible that the angels might err in the
faith, or might think contrary to the faith, they could be judged and
excommunicated by the Pope .... "The Pope is as it were God on
earth, sole sovereign of the faithful of Christ, chief king of kings,
having plenitude of power, to whom has been entrusted by the omnipotent
God direction not only of the earthly but also of the heavenly
kingdom"–Quoted in "Source Book," (Revised Edition) pp.
409, 410. Washington, D. C.: 1927.
The Catholic Encyclopedia says of
the pope: "The sentences which he gives are to be forthwith
ratified in heaven"–Vol. XII, art. "Pope," p. 265.
Pope Leo XIII says:
supreme teacher in the Church is the Roman Pontiff. Union of minds,
therefore, requires, together with a perfect accord in the one faith,
complete submission and obedience of will to the Church and to the Roman
Pontiff, as to God Himself"–"The Great Encyclical
Letters," p. 193. We leave it with the reader to decide whether or
not these are "great words."
St. Alphonsus de Liguori, a
sainted doctor of the Roman church, claims the same power for the Roman
priests. He says:
"The priest has the power of
the keys, or the power of delivering sinners from hell, of making them
worthy of paradise, and of changing them from the slaves of Satan into
the children of God. And God himself is obliged to abide by the judgment
of his priests .... The Sovereign Master of the universe only follows
the servant by confirming in heaven all that the latter decides upon
earth"–"Dignity and Duties of the Priest," pp. 27, 28.
New York: Benziger Brothers., Printers to the Holy Apostolic See, 1888.
"Innocent III has written: Indeed, it is not too much to say that
in view of the sublimity of their offices the priests are so many
gods"–Id., p. 36. These must truly be called "great
A Persecuting Power
The little horn was also to
"wear out the saints of the Most High." Daniel 7:25. That is,
it was to persecute them till they were literally worn out. Has the
Papacy fulfilled this part of the prophecy? In order to do Roman
Catholics no injustice, we shall quote from unquestioned authorities
among them. And, since they persecute people for "heresy," we
must first let them define what they mean by "heresy." In the
New Catholic Dictionary, published by the Universal Knowledge
Foundation, a Roman Catholic institution, New York, 1929, we read:
"Heresy (Gr., heiresses, choice), deciding for oneself what one
shall believe and practice."–Art. "Heresy," p. 440.
According to this definition any
one who will not blindly submit to papal authority, but will read the
Bible, deciding for himself what he shall believe, is a
"heretic." What official stand has the Catholic Church taken
in regard to such heretics? This we find stated in the Catholic
Encyclopedia in the following words: "In the Bull 'Ad exstirpanda'–(1252)
Innocent IV says: 'When those adjudged guilty of heresy have been given
up to the civil power by the bishop or his representative, or the
Inquisition, the podesta or chief magistrate of the city shall take them
at once, and shall, within five days at the most, execute the laws made
against them.'... Nor could any doubt remain as to what civil
regulations were meant, for the passages which ordered the burning of
impenitent heretics were inserted in the papal decretals from the
imperial constitutions 'Commissis nobis' and 'Inconsutibilem tunicam.'
The aforesaid Bull 'Ad exstirpanda' remained thenceforth a fundamental
document of the Inquisition, renewed or reinforced by several popes,
Alexander IV (1254-61), Clement IV (1265-68), Nicolas IV (1288- 92),
Boniface VIII (1294-1303), and others. The civil authorities, therefore,
were enjoined by the popes, under pain of excommunication to execute the
legal sentences that condemned impenitent heretics to the stake. It is
to be noted that excommunication itself was no trifle, for, if the
person excommunicated did not free himself from excommunication within a
year, he was held by the legislation of that period to be a heretic, and
incurred all the penalties that affected heresy"–Vol. VIII, p.
This Encyclopedia was printed in
1910, and bears the sanction of the Catholic authorities, and of their
"censor," so that here is up-to-date authority showing that
the Roman church sanctions persecution. The Roman church here
acknowledges, that, when she was in power, she forced the civil
government to burn those whom she termed heretics, and the government
officials who failed to execute her laws, became heretics by that
neglect, and suffered the punishment of heretics. Professor Alfred
Baudrillart, a Roman Catholic scholar in France, who is now a Catholic
"The Catholic Church is a
respecter of conscience and of liberty .... She has, and she loudly
proclaims that she has, a 'horror of blood.' Nevertheless when
confronted by heresy she does not content herself with persuasion;
arguments of an intellectual and moral order appear to her insufficient,
and she has recourse to force, to corporal punishment, to torture. She
creates tribunals like those of the Inquisition, she calls the laws of
the State to her aid, if necessary she encourages a crusade, or a
religious war and all her 'horror of blood' practically culminates into
urging the secular power to shed it, which proceeding is almost more
odious-for it is less frank-than shedding it herself. Especially did she
act thus in the sixteenth century with regard to Protestants. Not
content to reform morally, to preach by example, to convert people by
eloquent and holy missionaries, she lit in Italy, in the Low Countries,
and above all in Spain the funeral piles of the Inquisition. In France
under Francis I and Henry II, in England under Mary Tudor, she tortured
the heretics, whilst both in France and Germany during the second half
of the sixteenth and the first half of the seventeenth century if she
did not actually begin, at any rate she encouraged and actively aided,
the religious wars. No one will deny that we have here a great scandal
to our contemporaries ....
"Indeed, even among our
friends and our brothers we find those who dare not look this problem in
the face. They ask permission from the Church to ignore or even deny all
those acts and institutions in the past which have made orthodoxy
Catholic Church, the Renaissance, and Protestantism," pp. 182-134.
London: 1908. This book bears the sanction of the Roman Catholic
authorities, and of their "censor."
Andrew Steinmetz says:
"Catholics easily account for their devotion to the Holy See, in
spite of its historical abominations, which, however, very few of them
are aware of their accredited histories in common use, 'with permission
of authority,' veiling the subject with painful
dexterity"–"History of the Jesuits," Vol. I, p. 13.
Dr. C. H. Lea says:
"In view of the unvarying
policy of the Church during tile three centuries under consideration,
and for a century and a half later, there is a typical instance of the
manner in which history is written to order, in the quiet assertion of
the latest Catholic historian of the Inquisition that the Church took no
part in the corporal punishment of heretics.' "–"History of
the Inquisition of the Middle Ages," Vol. I, p. 540. New York:
Harper and Brothers, 1838.
Pope Gregory IX (1227-1241) made
the following decree for the destruction of all heretics, which is
binding on civil rulers:
"Temporal princes shall be reminded and
exhorted, and if needs be, compelled by spiritual censures, to discharge
every one of their functions; and that, as they desire to be reckoned
and held faithful, so, for the defence of the faith, let them publicly
make oath that they will endeavor, bona fide with all their might, to
extirpate from their territories all heretics marked by the Church; so
that when anyone is about to assume any authority, whether spiritual or
temporal, he shall be held bound to confirm his title by this oath. And
if a temporal prince, being required and admonished by the Church, shall
neglect to purge his kingdom from this heretical pravity, the
metropolitan and other provincial bishops shall bind him in fetters of
excommunication; and if he obstinately refuse to make satisfaction this
shall be notified within a year to the Supreme Pontiff, that then he may
declare his subjects absolved from their allegiance, and leave their
lands to be occupied by Catholics, who, the heretics being exterminated,
may possess them unchallenged, and preserve them in the purity of the
faith"– "Decretalium Gregorii Papae Noni Conpilatio,"
Liber V, Titulus VII, Capitulum XIII, (A Collection of the Decretals of
Gregory IX, Book 5, Title 7, Chapter 13), dated April 20, 1619.
The sainted Catholic doctor,
Thomas Aquinas, says: "If counterfeiters of money or other
criminals are justly delivered over to death forthwith by the secular
authorities, much more can heretics, after they are convicted of heresy,
be not only forthwith excommunicated, but as surely put to
death."–" Summa Theologica," 2a, 2ac, qu. xi, art. iii.
That this principle is sanctioned
by modern Catholic priests, we can see from the following statement:
"The church has persecuted.
Only a tyro in church history will deny that .... Protestants were
persecuted in France and Spain with the full approval of the church
authorities. We have always defended the persecution of the Huguenots,
and the Spanish Inquisition"–"Western Watchman,"
offcial organ of Father Phelan. St. Louis, Mo.: Dec. 24, 1903.
We have now seen from the "decretals"
of popes, from sainted doctors of the Roman church, and from authentic
Catholic books, that they sanction and defend persecution, and history
amply bears out the fact. Dr. J. Dowling says:
"From the birth of Popery in
606, to the present time, it is estimated by careful and credible
historians, that more than .fifty millions of the human family, have
been slaughtered for the crime of heresy by popish persecutors, an
average of more than forty thousand religious murders for every year of
the existence of Popery"–"History of Romanism," pp.
54I, 542. New York: 1871.
W. E. H. Lecky says:
"That the Church of Rome has
shed more innocent blood than any other institution that has ever
existed among mankind, will be questioned by no Protestant who has a
competent knowledge of history. The memorials, indeed, of many of her
persecutions are now so scanty, that it is impossible to form a complete
conception of the multitude of her victims, and it is quite certain that
no power of imagination can adequately realize their sufferings."
–"History of the Rise and Influence of the Spirit of Rationolism
in Europe," Vol. II, p. 32. London: Longmans, Green, and Co., 1910.
John Lothrop Motley, speaking of
papal persecution in the Netherlands, says:
"Upon February 16,
1568, a sentence of the Holy Office [the Inquisition] condemned all the
inhabitants of the Netherlands to death as heretics .... A proclamation
of the king, dated ten days later, confirmed this decree of the
Inquisition, and ordered it to be carried into instant execution ....
This is probably the most concise death warrant that was ever framed.
Three millions of people, men, women, and children, were sentenced to
the scaffold in three lines"–"The Rise of the Dutch
Republic," (2-vol. ed.) Vol. I, p. 626. New York.
Many Roman Catholic authors today
have tried to prove that their church does not sanction persecution, but
facts of history are too plain to be denied. Eternity alone will reveal
what God's dear children suffered during the Dark Ages. Accordingly as
the Papacy attained to power, the common people became more oppressed,
until "the noon of the Papacy was the midnight of the
world"–"History of Protestantism," J. A. Wylie, LL.D.,
Vol. I, p. 16. London.
"Think To Change Times
But Daniel 7:25 has still another
prediction concerning the "little horn"; namely, that it
should "think to change times and laws," or as the Revised
Version has it: "times and the law." James Moffatt's
translation reads: "He shall plan to alter the sacred seasons and
the law." Now, as the two preceding statements in this verse depict
what the Papacy should do against the Most High, we must conclude that
it is also the "times and the law" of the Most High which the
Papacy should attempt to change. This could not refer to the ceremonial
laws of the Jews, which were abolished at the cross (Ephesians 2:15;
Hebrews 9:9, 10), but to the Ten Commandments, which are binding in the
Christian era, to which dispensation this prophecy applies. (Matthew
5:17-19; 19:16-19; Luke 16:17; Romans 3:31; 7:7, 12, 14; James 2:10,
11.) From the prophecy of Daniel 7:25 it is therefore evident that the
Papacy would attempt to make some changes in the moral law.
After the worship of images had
crept into the church during the fourth to the sixth centuries, its
leaders finally removed the second commandment from their doctrinal
books, because it forbids us to bow down to images (Exodus 20:4, 5), and
they divided the tenth, so as to retain ten in number.
Thus the Catholic Church has two
commandments against coveting, while Paul six times speaks of it as only
one "commandment." (Romans 7:7-13.) Then, too, the Lord has
purposely reversed the order of the supposed ninth and tenth
commandments in Deuteronomy 5:21 to what they are in Exodus 20:17, so
that the Catholics, following Deuteronomy 5:21, have "Thou shalt
not covet thy neighbor's wife" as their ninth commandment, while
the Lutherans, following Exodus 20:17, have it as part of their tenth
commandment and their ninth command is:"Thou shalt not covet thy
neighbor's house." Thus we see how people get themselves into
trouble when they attempt to change the law of God.
The Papacy was also to change
times. But the only commandment of the ten that has to do with time is
the fourth, which commands us to keep holy the seventh day, on which God
rested at creation. (Exodus 20:10, 11; Genesis 2:1-3.) It is a
remarkable fact that Christ, His apostles, and their followers kept the
seventh day in common with the Jews (Mark 6:2, 3; Luke 4:16, 31;
23:52-56; Acts 13:42, 44; 16:12, 13; 17:2; 18:14), and that the New
Testament is entirely silent in regard to any change of the Sabbath from
the seventh to the first day of the week. This would be natural enough
if the original Sabbath, which they were then keeping, should continue.
But if a new day was to take its place in the Christian church, its
Founder would certainly have given explicit directions for its
observance. Yet not a word was spoken by Christ or His apostles, either
before or after His resurrection, as to such a change.
It is another remarkable fact
that Sunday is never called by any sacred title in the New Testament,
but always referred to as a weekday, never as a holy day. It is classed
as one of the weekdays, being called "the first day of the
And yet we find the Christian
world generally keeping it. Who made this change, when it is not
recorded in the Bible? When, how, and why was it made? Who dared to lay
hands on Jehovah's law, and change His Holy Sabbath, without any warrant
All Protestant denominations
disclaim any part in this crime. But the Roman Catholic Church boasts of
having made this change, and even points to it as an evidence of its
authority to act in Christ's stead upon earth. We shall therefore ask
her two pointed questions: 1. When did you change the Sabbath? 2. Why
did you do it? Here are her answers:
"The first proposition needs
little proof. The Catholic Church for over one thousand years before the
existence of a Protestant, by virtue of her Divine mission changed the
day from Saturday to Sunday."–"The Christian Sabbath,"
p. 29. Baltimore, Md.: "Catholic Mirror," Sept. 23, 1893.
"Ques–Which is the Sabbath
"Ans-Saturday is the Sabbath day.
"Ques.–Why do we observe
Sunday instead of Saturday?
observe Sunday instead of Saturday because the Catholic Church, in the
council of Laodicea (A. D 336), transferred the solemnity from Saturday
to Sunday .... "The Church substituted Sunday for Saturday by the
plenitude of that divine power which Jesus Christ bestowed upon
her"–"The Convert's Catechism of Christian Doctrine,"
Rev. Peter Geiermann, C. SS. R., p. 50. St. Louis, Mo.: 1934. (This work
received the "apostolic blessing" of Pope Pius X, Jan. 25,
1910.) "The Church . . . took the pagan Sunday and made it the
Christian Sunday .... And thus the pagan Sunday, dedicated to Balder,
became the Christian Sunday, sacred to Jesus"–"Catholic
World," (New York), March, 1894, p. 809. We shall enter into this
subject more thoroughly in the following chapters.