The Test of Discipleship
"If any man be in Christ, he is a new creature: old things are
passed away; behold, all things are become new." 2 Corinthians 5:17.
A person may not be able to tell the exact time or place, or trace all
the chain of circumstances in the process of conversion; but this does not
prove him to be unconverted. Christ said to Nicodemus, "The wind
bloweth where it listeth, and thou hearest the sound thereof, but canst
not tell whence it cometh, and whither it goeth: so is everyone that is
born of the Spirit." John 3:8. Like the wind, which is invisible, yet
the effects of which are plainly seen and felt, is the Spirit of God in
its work upon the human heart. That regenerating power, which no human eye
can see, begets a new life in the soul; it creates a new being in the
image of God. While the work of the Spirit is silent and imperceptible,
its effects are manifest. If the heart has been renewed by the Spirit of
God, the life will bear witness to the fact. While we cannot do anything
to change our hearts or to bring ourselves into harmony with God; while we
must not trust at all to ourselves or our good works, our lives will
reveal whether the grace of God is dwelling within us. A change will be
seen in the character, the habits, the pursuits. The contrast will be
clear and decided between what they have been and what they are. The
character is revealed, not by occasional good deeds and occasional
misdeeds, but by the tendency of the habitual words and acts.
It is true that there may be an outward correctness of deportment
without the renewing power of Christ. The love of influence and the desire
for the esteem of others may produce a well-ordered life. Self-respect may
lead us to avoid the appearance of evil. A selfish heart may perform
generous actions. By what means, then, shall we determine whose side we
Who has the heart? With whom are our thoughts? Of whom do we love to
converse? Who has our warmest affections and our best energies? If we are
Christ's, our thoughts are with Him, and our sweetest thoughts are of Him.
All we have and are is consecrated to Him. We long to bear His image,
breathe His spirit, do His will, and please Him in all things.
Those who become new creatures in Christ Jesus will bring forth the
fruits of the Spirit, "love, joy, peace, long-suffering, gentleness,
goodness, faith, meekness, temperance." Galatians 5:22, 23. They will
no longer fashion themselves according to the former lusts, but by the
faith of the Son of God they will follow in His steps, reflect His
character, and purify themselves even as He is pure. The things they once
hated they now love, and the things they once loved they hate. The proud
and self-assertive become meek and lowly in heart. The vain and
supercilious become serious and unobtrusive. The drunken become sober, and
the profligate pure. The vain customs and fashions of the world are laid
aside. Christians will seek not the "outward adorning," but
"the hidden man of the heart, in that which is not corruptible, even
the ornament of a meek and quiet spirit." 1 Peter 3: 3, 4.
There is no evidence of genuine repentance unless it works reformation.
If he restore the pledge, give again that he had robbed, confess his sins,
and love God and his fellow men, the sinner may be sure that he has passed
from death unto life.
When, as erring, sinful beings, we come to Christ and become partakers
of His pardoning grace, love springs up in the heart. Every burden is
light, for the yoke that Christ imposes is easy. Duty becomes a delight,
and sacrifice a pleasure. The path that before seemed shrouded in
darkness, becomes bright with beams from the Sun of Righteousness.
The loveliness of the character of Christ will be seen in His
followers. It was His delight to do the will of God. Love to God, zeal for
His glory, was the controlling power in our Saviour's life. Love
beautified and ennobled all His actions. Love is of God. The unconsecrated
heart cannot originate or produce it. It is found only in the heart where
Jesus reigns. "We love, because He first loved us." 1 John 4:19,
R.V. In the heart renewed by divine grace, love is the principle of
action. It modifies the character, governs the impulses, controls the
passions, subdues enmity, and ennobles the affections. This love,
cherished in the soul, sweetens the life and sheds a refining influence on
There are two errors against which the children of God--particularly
those who have just come to trust in His grace--especially need to guard.
The first, already dwelt upon, is that of looking to their own works,
trusting to anything they can do, to bring themselves into harmony with
God. He who is trying to become holy by his own works in keeping the law,
is attempting an impossibility. All that man can do without Christ is
polluted with selfishness and sin. It is the grace of Christ alone,
through faith, that can make us holy.
The opposite and no less dangerous error is that belief in Christ
releases men from keeping the law of God; that since by faith alone we
become partakers of the grace of Christ, our works have nothing to do with
But notice here that obedience is not a mere outward compliance, but
the service of love. The law of God is an expression of His very nature;
it is an embodiment of the great principle of love, and hence is the
foundation of His government in heaven and earth. If our hearts are
renewed in the likeness of God, if the divine love is implanted in the
soul, will not the law of God be carried out in the life? When the
principle of love is implanted in the heart, when man is renewed after the
image of Him that created him, the new-covenant promise is fulfilled,
"I will put My laws into their hearts, and in their minds will I
write them." Hebrews 10:16. And if the law is written in the heart,
will it not shape the life? Obedience--the service and allegiance of
love--is the true sign of discipleship. Thus the Scripture says,
"This is the love of God, that we keep His commandments."
"He that saith, I know Him, and keepeth not His commandments, is a
liar, and the truth is not in him." 1 John 5:3; 2:4. Instead of
releasing man from obedience, it is faith, and faith only, that makes us
partakers of the grace of Christ, which enables us to render obedience.
We do not earn salvation by our obedience; for salvation is the free
gift of God, to be received by faith. But obedience is the fruit of faith.
"Ye know that He was manifested to take away our sins; and in Him is
no sin. Whosoever abideth in Him sinneth not: whosoever sinneth hath not
seen Him, neither known Him." 1 John 3:5, 6. Here is the true test.
If we abide in Christ, if the love of God dwells in us, our feelings, our
thoughts, our purposes, our actions, will be in harmony with the will of
God as expressed in the precepts of His holy law. "Little children,
let no man deceive you: he that doeth righteousness is righteous, even as
He is righteous." 1 John 3:7. Righteousness is defined by the
standard of God's holy law, as expressed in the ten precepts given on
That so-called faith in Christ which professes to release men from the
obligation of obedience to God, is not faith, but presumption. "By
grace are ye saved through faith." But "faith, if it hath not
works, is dead." Ephesians 2:8; James 2:17. Jesus said of Himself
before He came to earth, "I delight to do Thy will, O My God: yea,
Thy law is within My heart." Psalm 40:8. And just before He ascended
again to heaven He declared, "I have kept My Father's commandments,
and abide in His love." John 15:10. The Scripture says, "Hereby
we do know that we know Him, if we keep His commandments. . . . He that
saith he abideth in Him ought himself also so to walk even as He
walked." 1 John 2:3-6. "Because Christ also suffered for us,
leaving us an example, that ye should follow His steps." 1 Peter
The condition of eternal life is now just what it always has
been,--just what it was in Paradise before the fall of our first
parents,--perfect obedience to the law of God, perfect righteousness. If
eternal life were granted on any condition short of this, then the
happiness of the whole universe would be imperiled. The way would be open
for sin, with all its train of woe and misery, to be immortalized.
It was possible for Adam, before the fall, to form a righteous
character by obedience to God's law. But he failed to do this, and because
of his sin our natures are fallen and we cannot make ourselves righteous.
Since we are sinful, unholy, we cannot perfectly obey the holy law. We
have no righteousness of our own with which to meet the claims of the law
of God. But Christ has made a way of escape for us. He lived on earth amid
trials and temptations such as we have to meet. He lived a sinless life.
He died for us, and now He offers to take our sins and give us His
righteousness. If you give yourself to Him, and accept Him as your Saviour,
then, sinful as your life may have been, for His sake you are accounted
righteous. Christ's character stands in place of your character, and you
are accepted before God just as if you had not sinned.
More than this, Christ changes the heart. He abides in your heart by
faith. You are to maintain this connection with Christ by faith and the
continual surrender of your will to Him; and so long as you do this, He
will work in you to will and to do according to His good pleasure. So you
may say, "The life which I now live in the flesh I live by the faith
of the Son of God, who loved me, and gave Himself for me." Galatians
2:20. So Jesus said to His disciples, "It is not ye that speak, but
the Spirit of your Father which speaketh in you." Matthew 10:20. Then
with Christ working in you, you will manifest the same spirit and do the
same good works --works of righteousness, obedience.
So we have nothing in ourselves of which to boast. We have no ground
for self-exaltation. Our only ground of hope is in the righteousness of
Christ imputed to us, and in that wrought by His Spirit working in and
When we speak of faith, there is a distinction that should be borne in
mind. There is a kind of belief that is wholly distinct from faith. The
existence and power of God, the truth of His word, are facts that even
Satan and his hosts cannot at heart deny. The Bible says that "the
devils also believe, and tremble;" but this is not faith. James 2:19.
Where there is not only a belief in God's word, but a submission of the
will to Him; where the heart is yielded to Him, the affections fixed upon
Him, there is faith--faith that works by love and purifies the soul.
Through this faith the heart is renewed in the image of God. And the heart
that in its unrenewed state is not subject to the law of God, neither
indeed can be, now delights in its holy precepts, exclaiming with the
psalmist, "O how love I Thy law! it is my meditation all the
day." Psalm 119:97. And the righteousness of the law is fulfilled in
us, "who walk not after the flesh, but after the Spirit." Romans
There are those who have known the pardoning love of Christ and who
really desire to be children of God, yet they realize that their character
is imperfect, their life faulty, and they are ready to doubt whether their
hearts have been renewed by the Holy Spirit. To such I would say, Do not
draw back in despair. We shall often have to bow down and weep at the feet
of Jesus because of our shortcomings and mistakes, but we are not to be
discouraged. Even if we are overcome by the enemy, we are not cast off,
not forsaken and rejected of God. No; Christ is at the right hand of God,
who also maketh intercession for us. Said the beloved John, "These
things write I unto you, that ye sin not. And if any man sin, we have an
advocate with the Father, Jesus Christ the righteous." 1 John 2:1.
And do not forget the words of Christ, "The Father Himself loveth
you." John 16:27. He desires to restore you to Himself, to see His
own purity and holiness reflected in you. And if you will but yield
yourself to Him, He that hath begun a good work in you will carry it
forward to the day of Jesus Christ. Pray more fervently; believe more
fully. As we come to distrust our own power, let us trust the power of our
Redeemer, and we shall praise Him who is the health of our countenance.
The closer you come to Jesus, the more faulty you will appear in your
own eyes; for your vision will be clearer, and your imperfections will be
seen in broad and distinct contrast to His perfect nature. This is
evidence that Satan's delusions have lost their power; that the vivifying
influence of the Spirit of God is arousing you.
No deep-seated love for Jesus can dwell in the heart that does not
realize its own sinfulness. The soul that is transformed by the grace of
Christ will admire His divine character; but if we do not see our own
moral deformity, it is unmistakable evidence that we have not had a view
of the beauty and excellence of Christ.
The less we see to esteem in ourselves, the more we shall see to esteem
in the infinite purity and loveliness of our Saviour. A view of our
sinfulness drives us to Him who can pardon; and when the soul, realizing
its helplessness, reaches out after Christ, He will reveal Himself in
power. The more our sense of need drives us to Him and to the word of God,
the more exalted views we shall have of His character, and the more fully
we shall reflect His image.