"Lazarus, Come Forth"
[This chapter is based on Luke 10:38-42; John
Among the most steadfast of Christ's disciples was Lazarus of
Bethany. From their first meeting his faith in Christ had been strong;
his love for Him was deep, and he was greatly beloved by the Saviour. It
was for Lazarus that the greatest of Christ's miracles was performed.
The Saviour blessed all who sought His help; He loves all the human
family, but to some He is bound by peculiarly tender associations. His
heart was knit by a strong bond of affection to the family at Bethany,
and for one of them His most wonderful work was wrought.
At the home of Lazarus, Jesus had often found rest. The Saviour had
no home of His own; He was dependent on the hospitality of His friends
and disciples, and often, when weary, thirsting for human fellowship, He
had been glad to escape to this peaceful household, away from the
suspicion and jealousy of the angry Pharisees. Here He found a sincere
welcome, and pure, holy friendship. Here He could speak with simplicity
and perfect freedom, knowing that His words would be understood and
Our Saviour appreciated a quiet home and interested listeners. He
longed for human tenderness, courtesy, and affection. Those who received
the heavenly instruction He was always ready to impart were greatly
blessed. As the multitudes followed Christ through the open fields, He
unfolded to them the beauties of the natural world. He sought to open
the eyes of their understanding, that they might see how the hand of God
upholds the world. In order to call out an appreciation of God's
goodness and benevolence, He called the attention of His hearers to the
gently falling dew, to the soft showers of rain and the bright sunshine,
given alike to good and evil. He desired men to realize more fully the
regard that God bestows on the human instrumentalities He has created.
But the multitudes were slow of hearing, and in the home at Bethany
Christ found rest from the weary conflict of public life. Here He opened
to an appreciative audience the volume of Providence. In these private
interviews He unfolded to His hearers that which He did not attempt to
tell to the mixed multitude. He needed not to speak to His friends in
As Christ gave His wonderful lessons, Mary sat at His feet, a
reverent and devoted listener. On one occasion, Martha, perplexed with
the care of preparing the meal, went to Christ, saying, "Lord, dost
Thou not care that my sister hath left me to serve alone? bid her
therefore that she help me." This was the time of Christ's first
visit to Bethany. The Saviour and His disciples had just made the
toilsome journey on foot from Jericho. Martha was anxious to provide for
their comfort, and in her anxiety she forgot the courtesy due to her
Guest. Jesus answered her with mild and patient words, "Martha,
Martha, thou art careful and troubled about many things: but one thing
is needful: and Mary hath chosen that good part, which shall not be
taken away from her." Mary was storing her mind with the precious
words falling from the Saviour's lips, words that were more precious to
her than earth's most costly jewels.
The "one thing" that Martha needed was a calm, devotional
spirit, a deeper anxiety for knowledge concerning the future, immortal
life, and the graces necessary for spiritual advancement. She needed
less anxiety for the things which pass away, and more for those things
which endure forever. Jesus would teach His children to seize every
opportunity of gaining that knowledge which will make them wise unto
salvation. The cause of Christ needs careful, energetic workers. There
is a wide field for the Marthas, with their zeal in active religious
work. But let them first sit with Mary at the feet of Jesus. Let
diligence, promptness, and energy be sanctified by the grace of Christ;
then the life will be an unconquerable power for good.
Sorrow entered the peaceful home where Jesus had rested. Lazarus was
stricken with sudden illness, and his sisters sent to the Saviour,
saying, "Lord, behold, he whom Thou lovest is sick." They
saw the violence of the disease that had seized their brother, but they
knew that Christ had shown Himself able to heal all manner of diseases.
They believed that He would sympathize with them in their distress;
therefore they made no urgent demand for His immediate presence, but
sent only the confiding message, "He whom Thou lovest is
sick." They thought that He would immediately respond to their
message, and be with them as soon as He could reach Bethany.
Anxiously they waited for a word from Jesus. As long as the spark of
life was yet alive in their brother, they prayed and watched for Jesus
to come. But the messenger returned without Him. Yet he brought the
message, "This sickness is not unto death," and they clung to
the hope that Lazarus would live. Tenderly they tried to speak words of
hope and encouragement to the almost unconscious sufferer. When Lazarus
died, they were bitterly disappointed; but they felt the sustaining
grace of Christ, and this kept them from reflecting any blame on the
When Christ heard the message, the disciples thought He received it
coldly. He did not manifest the sorrow they expected Him to show.
Looking up to them, He said, "This sickness is not unto death, but
for the glory of God, that the Son of God might be glorified
thereby." For two days He remained in the place where He was. This
delay was a mystery to the disciples. What a comfort His presence would
be to the afflicted household! they thought. His strong affection for
the family at Bethany was well known to the disciples, and they were
surprised that He did not respond to the sad message, "He whom Thou
lovest is sick."
During the two days Christ seemed to have dismissed the message from
His mind; for He did not speak of Lazarus. The disciples thought of John
the Baptist, the forerunner of Jesus. They had wondered why Jesus, with
the power to perform wonderful miracles, had permitted John to languish
in prison, and to die a violent death. Possessing such power, why did
not Christ save John's life? This question had often been asked by the
Pharisees, who presented it as an unanswerable argument against Christ's
claim to be the Son of God. The Saviour had warned His disciples of
trials, losses, and persecution. Would He forsake them in trial? Some
questioned if they had mistaken His mission. All were deeply troubled.
After waiting for two days, Jesus said to the disciples, "Let us
go into Judea again." The disciples questioned why, if Jesus were
going to Judea, He had waited two days. But anxiety for Christ and for
themselves was now uppermost in their minds. They could see nothing but
danger in the course He was about to pursue. "Master," they
said, "the Jews of late sought to stone Thee; and goest Thou
thither again? Jesus answered, Are there not twelve hours in the
day?" I am under the guidance of My Father; as long as I do His
will, My life is safe. My twelve hours of day are not yet ended. I have
entered upon the last remnant of My day; but while any of this remains,
I am safe.
"If any man walk in the day," He continued, "he
stumbleth not, because he seeth the light of this world." He who
does the will of God, who walks in the path that God has marked out,
cannot stumble and fall. The light of God's guiding Spirit gives him a
clear perception of his duty, and leads him aright till the close of his
work. "But if a man walk in the night, he stumbleth, because there
is no light in him." He who walks in a path of his own choosing,
where God has not called him, will stumble. For him day is turned into
night, and wherever he may be, he is not secure.
"These things said He: and after that He saith unto them, Our
friend Lazarus sleepeth; but I go that I may awake him out of
sleep." "Our friend Lazarus sleepeth." How touching the
words! how full of sympathy! In the thought of the peril their Master
was about to incur by going to Jerusalem, the disciples had almost
forgotten the bereaved family at Bethany. But not so Christ. The
disciples felt rebuked. They had been disappointed because Christ did
not respond more promptly to the message. They had been tempted to think
that He had not the tender love for Lazarus and his sisters that they
had thought He had, or He would have hastened back with the messenger.
But the words, "Our friend Lazarus sleepeth," awakened right
feelings in their minds. They were convinced that Christ had not
forgotten His suffering friends.
"Then said His disciples, Lord, if he sleep, he shall do well.
Howbeit Jesus spake of his death: but they thought that He had spoken of
taking of rest in sleep." Christ represents death as a sleep to His
believing children. Their life is hid with Christ in God, and until the
last trump shall sound those who die will sleep in Him.
"Then said Jesus unto them plainly, Lazarus is dead. And I am
glad for your sakes that I was not there, to the intent ye may believe;
nevertheless let us go unto him." Thomas could see nothing but
death in store for his Master if he went to Judea; but he girded up his
spirit, and said to the other disciples, "Let us also go, that we
may die with Him." He knew the hatred of the Jews toward Christ. It
was their purpose to compass His death, but this purpose had not
succeeded, because some of His allotted time still remained. During this
time Jesus had the guardianship of heavenly angels; and even in the
regions of Judea, where the rabbis were plotting how they might take Him
and put Him to death, no harm could come to Him.
The disciples marveled at Christ's words when He said, "Lazarus
is dead. And I am glad . . . that I was not there." Did the Saviour
by His own choice avoid the home of His suffering friends? Apparently
Mary and Martha and the dying Lazarus were left alone. But they were not
alone. Christ beheld the whole scene, and after the death of Lazarus the
bereaved sisters were upheld by His grace. Jesus witnessed the sorrow of
their rent hearts, as their brother wrestled with his strong foe, death.
He felt every pang of anguish, as He said to His disciples,
"Lazarus is dead." But Christ had not only the loved ones at
Bethany to think of; He had the training of His disciples to consider.
They were to be His representatives to the world, that the Father's
blessing might embrace all. For their sake He permitted Lazarus to die.
Had He restored him from illness to health, the miracle that is the most
positive evidence of His divine character, would not have been
Had Christ been in the sickroom, Lazarus would not have died; for
Satan would have had no power over him. Death could not have aimed his
dart at Lazarus in the presence of the Life-giver. Therefore Christ
remained away. He suffered the enemy to exercise his power, that He
might drive him back, a conquered foe. He permitted Lazarus to pass
under the dominion of death; and the suffering sisters saw their brother
laid in the grave. Christ knew that as they looked on the dead face of
their brother their faith in their Redeemer would be severely tried. But
He knew that because of the struggle through which they were now passing
their faith would shine forth with far greater power. He suffered every
pang of sorrow that they endured. He loved them no less because He
tarried; but He knew that for them, for Lazarus, for Himself, and for
His disciples, a victory was to be gained.
"For your sakes," "to the intent ye may believe."
To all who are reaching out to feel the guiding hand of God, the moment
of greatest discouragement is the time when divine help is nearest. They
will look back with thankfulness upon the darkest part of their way.
"The Lord knoweth how to deliver the godly," 2 Peter 2:9. From
every temptation and every trial He will bring them forth with firmer
faith and a richer experience.
In delaying to come to Lazarus, Christ had a purpose of mercy toward
those who had not received Him. He tarried, that by raising Lazarus from
the dead He might give to His stubborn, unbelieving people another
evidence that He was indeed "the resurrection, and the life."
He was loath to give up all hope of the people, the poor, wandering
sheep of the house of Israel. His heart was breaking because of their
impenitence. In His mercy He purposed to give them one more evidence
that He was the Restorer, the One who alone could bring life and
immortality to light. This was to be an evidence that the priests could
not misinterpret. This was the reason of His delay in going to Bethany.
This crowning miracle, the raising of Lazarus, was to set the seal of
God on His work and on His claim to divinity.
On His journey to Bethany, Jesus, according to His custom, ministered
to the sick and the needy. Upon reaching the town He sent a messenger to
the sisters with the tidings of His arrival. Christ did not at once
enter the house, but remained in a quiet place by the wayside. The great
outward display observed by the Jews at the death of friends or
relatives was not in harmony with the spirit of Christ. He heard the
sound of wailing from the hired mourners, and He did not wish to meet
the sisters in the scene of confusion. Among the mourning friends were
relatives of the family, some of whom held high positions of
responsibility in Jerusalem. Among these were some of Christ's bitterest
enemies. Christ knew their purposes, and therefore He did not at once
make Himself known.
The message was given to Martha so quietly that others in the room
did not hear. Absorbed in her grief, Mary did not hear the words. Rising
at once, Martha went out to meet her Lord, but thinking that she had
gone to the place where Lazarus was buried, Mary sat still in her
sorrow, making no outcry.
Martha hastened to meet Jesus, her heart agitated by conflicting
emotions. In His expressive face she read the same tenderness and love
that had always been there. Her confidence in Him was unbroken, but she
thought of her dearly loved brother, whom Jesus also had loved. With
grief surging in her heart because Christ had not come before, yet with
hope that even now He would do something to comfort them, she said,
"Lord, if Thou hadst been here, my brother had not died." Over
and over again, amid the tumult made by the mourners, the sisters had
repeated these words.
With human and divine pity Jesus looked into her sorrowful, careworn
face. Martha had no inclination to recount the past; all was expressed
by the pathetic words, "Lord, if Thou hadst been here, my brother
had not died." But looking into that face of love, she added,
"I know, that even now, whatsoever Thou wilt ask of God, God will
give it Thee."
Jesus encouraged her faith, saying, "Thy brother shall rise
again." His answer was not intended to inspire hope of an immediate
change. He carried Martha's thoughts beyond the present restoration of
her brother, and fixed them upon the resurrection of the just. This He
did that she might see in the resurrection of Lazarus a pledge of the
resurrection of all the righteous dead, and an assurance that it would
be accomplished by the Saviour's power.
Martha answered, "I know that he shall rise again in the
resurrection at the last day."
Still seeking to give a true direction to her faith, Jesus declared,
"I am the resurrection, and the life." In Christ is life,
original, unborrowed, underived. "He that hath the Son hath
life." 1 John 5:12. The divinity of Christ is the believer's
assurance of eternal life. "He that believeth in Me," said
Jesus, "though he were dead, yet shall he live: and whosoever
liveth and believeth in Me shall never die. Believest thou this?"
Christ here looks forward to the time of His second coming. Then the
righteous dead shall be raised incorruptible, and the living righteous
shall be translated to heaven without seeing death. The miracle which
Christ was about to perform, in raising Lazarus from the dead, would
represent the resurrection of all the righteous dead. By His word and
His works He declared Himself the Author of the resurrection. He who
Himself was soon to die upon the cross stood with the keys of death, a
conqueror of the grave, and asserted His right and power to give eternal
To the Saviour's words, "Believest thou?" Martha responded,
"Yea, Lord: I believe that Thou art the Christ, the Son of God,
which should come into the world." She did not comprehend in all
their significance the words spoken by Christ, but she confessed her
faith in His divinity, and her confidence that He was able to perform
whatever it pleased Him to do.
"And when she had so said, she went her way, and called Mary her
sister secretly, saying, The Master is come, and calleth for thee."
She delivered her message as quietly as possible; for the priests and
rulers were prepared to arrest Jesus when opportunity offered. The cries
of the mourners prevented her words from being heard.
On hearing the message, Mary rose hastily, and with an eager look on
her face left the room. Thinking that she had gone to the grave to weep,
the mourners followed her. When she reached the place where Jesus was
waiting, she knelt at His feet, and said with quivering lips,
"Lord, if Thou hadst been here, my brother had not died." The
cries of the mourners were painful to her; for she longed for a few
quiet words alone with Jesus. But she knew of the envy and jealousy
cherished in the hearts of some present against Christ, and she was
restrained from fully expressing her grief.
"When Jesus therefore saw her weeping, and the Jews also weeping
which came with her, He groaned in the spirit, and was troubled."
He read the hearts of all assembled. He saw that with many, what passed
as a demonstration of grief was only pretense. He knew that some in the
company, now manifesting hypocritical sorrow, would erelong be planning
the death, not only of the mighty miracle worker, but of the one to be
raised from the dead. Christ could have stripped from them their robe of
pretended sorrow. But He restrained His righteous indignation. The words
He could in all truth have spoken, He did not speak, because of the
loved one kneeling at His feet in sorrow, who truly believed in Him.
"Where have ye laid him?" He asked, "They said unto
Him, Lord, come and see." Together they proceeded to the grave. It
was a mournful scene. Lazarus had been much beloved, and his sisters
wept for him with breaking hearts, while those who had been his friends
mingled their tears with those of the bereaved sisters. In view of this
human distress, and of the fact that the afflicted friends could mourn
over the dead while the Saviour of the world stood by,--"Jesus
wept." Though He was the Son of God, yet He had taken human nature
upon Him, and He was moved by human sorrow. His tender, pitying heart is
ever awakened to sympathy by suffering. He weeps with those that weep,
and rejoices with those that rejoice.
But it was not only because of His human sympathy with Mary and
Martha that Jesus wept. In His tears there was a sorrow as high above
human sorrow as the heavens are higher than the earth. Christ did not
weep for Lazarus; for He was about to call him from the grave. He wept
because many of those now mourning for Lazarus would soon plan the death
of Him who was the resurrection and the life. But how unable were the
unbelieving Jews rightly to interpret His tears! Some, who could see
nothing more than the outward circumstances of the scene before Him as a
cause for His grief, said softly, "Behold how He loved him!"
Others, seeking to drop the seed of unbelief into the hearts of those
present, said derisively, "Could not this Man, which opened the
eyes of the blind, have caused that even this man should not have
died?" If it were in Christ's power to save Lazarus, why then did
He suffer him to die?
With prophetic eye Christ saw the enmity of the Pharisees and the
Sadducees. He knew that they were premeditating His death. He knew that
some of those now apparently so sympathetic would soon close against
themselves the door of hope and the gates of the city of God. A scene
was about to take place, in His humiliation and crucifixion, that would
result in the destruction of Jerusalem, and at that time none would make
lamentation for the dead. The retribution that was coming upon Jerusalem
was plainly portrayed before Him. He saw Jerusalem compassed by the
Roman legions. He knew that many now weeping for Lazarus would die in
the siege of the city, and in their death there would be no hope.
It was not only because of the scene before Him that Christ wept. The
weight of the grief of ages was upon Him. He saw the terrible effects of
the transgression of God's law. He saw that in the history of the world,
beginning with the death of Abel, the conflict between good and evil had
been unceasing. Looking down the years to come, He saw the suffering and
sorrow, tears and death, that were to be the lot of men. His heart was
pierced with the pain of the human family of all ages and in all lands.
The woes of the sinful race were heavy upon His soul, and the fountain
of His tears was broken up as He longed to relieve all their distress.
"Jesus therefore again groaning in Himself cometh to the
grave." Lazarus had been laid in a cave in a rock, and a massive
stone had been placed before the entrance. "Take ye away the
stone," Christ said. Thinking that He only wished to look upon the
dead, Martha objected, saying that the body had been buried four days,
and corruption had already begun its work. This statement, made before
the raising of Lazarus, left no room for Christ's enemies to say that a
deception had been practiced. In the past the Pharisees had circulated
false statements regarding the most wonderful manifestations of the
power of God. When Christ raised to life the daughter of Jairus, He had
said, "The damsel is not dead, but sleepeth." Mark 5:39. As
she had been sick only a short time, and was raised immediately after
death, the Pharisees declared that the child had not been dead; that
Christ Himself had said she was only asleep. They had tried to make it
appear that Christ could not cure disease, that there was foul play
about His miracles. But in this case, none could deny that Lazarus was
When the Lord is about to do a work, Satan moves upon someone to
object. "Take ye away the stone," Christ said. As far as
possible, prepare the way for My work. But Martha's positive and
ambitious nature asserted itself. She was unwilling that the decomposing
body should be brought to view. The human heart is slow to understand
Christ's words, and Martha's faith had not grasped the true meaning of
Christ reproved Martha, but His words were spoken with the utmost
gentleness. "Said I not unto thee, that, if thou wouldest believe,
thou shouldest see the glory of God?" Why should you doubt in
regard to My power? Why reason in opposition to My requirements? You
have My word. If you will believe, you shall see the glory of God.
Natural impossibilities cannot prevent the work of the Omnipotent One.
Skepticism and unbelief are not humility. Implicit belief in Christ's
word is true humility, true self-surrender.
"Take ye away the stone." Christ could have
commanded the stone to remove, and it would have obeyed His voice. He
could have bidden the angels who were close by His side to do this. At
His bidding, invisible hands would have removed the stone. But it was to
be taken away by human hands. Thus Christ would show that humanity is to
co-operate with divinity. What human power can do divine power is not
summoned to do. God does not dispense with man's aid. He strengthens
him, co-operating with him as he uses the powers and capabilities given
The command is obeyed. The stone is rolled away. Everything is done
openly and deliberately. All are given a chance to see that no deception
is practiced. There lies the body of Lazarus in its rocky grave, cold
and silent in death. The cries of the mourners are hushed. Surprised and
expectant, the company stand around the sepulcher, waiting to see what
is to follow.
Calmly Christ stands before the tomb. A sacred solemnity rests upon
all present. Christ steps closer to the sepulcher. Lifting His eyes to
heaven, He says, "Father, I thank Thee that Thou hast heard
Me." Not long before this, Christ's enemies had accused Him of
blasphemy, and had taken up stones to cast at Him because He claimed to
be the Son of God. They accused Him of performing miracles by the power
of Satan. But here Christ claims God as His Father, and with perfect
confidence declares that He is the Son of God.
In all that He did, Christ was co-operating with His Father. Ever He
had been careful to make it evident that He did not work independently;
it was by faith and prayer that He wrought His miracles. Christ desired
all to know His relationship with His Father. "Father," He
said, "I thank Thee that Thou hast heard Me. And I knew that Thou
hearest Me always: but because of the people which stand by I said it,
that they may believe that Thou hast sent Me." Here the disciples
and the people were to be given the most convincing evidence in regard
to the relationship existing between Christ and God. They were to be
shown that Christ's claim was not a deception.
"And when He thus had spoken, He cried with a loud voice,
Lazarus, come forth." His voice, clear and penetrating, pierces the
ear of the dead. As He speaks, divinity flashes through humanity. In His
face, which is lighted up by the glory of God, the people see the
assurance of His power. Every eye is fastened on the entrance to the
cave. Every ear is bent to catch the slightest sound. With intense and
painful interest all wait for the test of Christ's divinity, the
evidence that is to substantiate His claim to be the Son of God, or to
extinguish the hope forever.
There is a stir in the silent tomb, and he who was dead stands at the
door of the sepulcher. His movements are impeded by the graveclothes in
which he was laid away, and Christ says to the astonished spectators,
"Loose him, and let him go." Again they are shown that the
human worker is to co-operate with God. Humanity is to work for
humanity. Lazarus is set free, and stands before the company, not as one
emaciated from disease, and with feeble, tottering limbs, but as a man
in the prime of life, and in the vigor of a noble manhood. His eyes beam
with intelligence and with love for his Saviour. He casts himself in
adoration at the feet of Jesus.
The beholders are at first speechless with amazement. Then there
follows an inexpressible scene of rejoicing and thanksgiving. The
sisters receive their brother back to life as the gift of God, and with
joyful tears they brokenly express their thanks to the Saviour. But
while brother, sisters, and friends are rejoicing in this reunion, Jesus
withdraws from the scene. When they look for the Life-giver, He is not
to be found.
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