The belief that "Armageddon" will be a military conflict in Palestine is part of the Futuristic system which is based upon a literal application of the things of ancient Israel, in contrast to the New Testament spiritual application in relation to the church. The errors of Roman Catholicism are based upon the literal application of the things of national Israel. Protestant Futurists may not appreciate their interpretation of prophecy being coupled up with the errors of Roman Catholicism; but they have the same foundation. Futurism has been fostered by Roman Catholicism because of its potent force against true Protestantism.

Dr. H. G. Guinness, in his "Approaching End of the Age," pages 100, 101, writes of the Futuristic view: "In its present form, however, it may be said to have originated, at the end of the sixteenth century, with Jesuit Ribera, who, moved like Alcasar, to relieve the Papacy from the stigma cast upon it by the Protestant interpretation, tried to do so by referring these to the distant future . . . For a considerable period this view was confined to Romanists [italics mine], and was refuted by several masterly Protestant works."

The Roman Catholic Church justifies its ornate buildings and ritual, etc., by pointing to the literal things of ancient Israel. (See their "Question Box," pp. 187-189; "Keenan's Catechism," pp.193-212, etc.)

The following brief outline is intended to convey "much in little," and to provoke the reader to study further into the fundamental principles of interpretation.


(1 Tim. 3:16)



(2 Thess. 2:7).


Temple - Church (1 Cor. 3:16; Eph. Temple. 2:21) Temple
Priests - on earth, all believers (1 Pet. 2:9) Priests
Incense - prayer (Ps. 141:2; Rev. 5:8) Incense
Cross - daily self-denial (Luke 9:23) Cross
Light in Temple - Bible (Ps. 119:105; 2 Cor. 4:4, etc.) Candles
Bread - Word of God (John. 6:27-68). Water-Holy Spirit working through Word of God (Titus 3:5; Eph. 5:26) Wafer-mass - "Holy" water
Fire in which dross is burned:-
(1) Work of Holy Spirit (Matt. 3:11; Isa. 4:4; 1 Pet. 1:7; 4:12).
(2) Obedience to truth purifies (1 Pet. 1:22)
KING-CHRIST-INVISIBLE (1 Tim. 1:17) Pope - visible Head
Holy Spirit - Representative Invisible (John. 14:17) Supposed Representative of Christ; visible
Throne in each heart (Rom. 5:17-21) Throne in Rome (Rev. 16:10; 17:18)
Kingdom - Spiritual: Those delivered from sin (Col. 1:13) Kingdom Literal: Political power
War-Spiritual War: world-wide conflict. "War a good warfare" (1 Tim. 1:18) War - Military: conflict in Palestine
"Fight the good fight of faith" (1 Tim. 6:12) Fight - Military: conflict in Palestine
Peace - God and soul: New Testament about 110 times, Paul about 52 times, spiritual peace Peace - Military: "peace"
Enemies - ''Gentiles'': ''Heathen'' those who are not Israelites (Eph. 2:11, 12; Rev. 11:2) in any part of the world "Heathen," "Gentiles": - Literal nations East of Palestine
Israel - Church in all the world (Gal. 6: 16; Rev. 7:1-4, etc.) "Israel" - a few literal Jews in Palestine
Israel attacked by enemies: Spiritual enemies (Ezek. 38, 39; Joel 3; Zech. 14; Rev. 14:1, 20; 16:12-16; 17:14, etc.) Israel attacked by enemies: literal nations to literally attack literal Jews in Palestine
Anti-Christ is a spiritual leader: A counterfeit Church which makes "war with the saints" (Rev. 13:7) Anti-Christ is a military leader: a person to dominate literal Jews in Palestine
Symbolic Time (Dan.7:25; Rev. 11:2; 12:6, 12; 13:5). Affecting the church Literal time (3 1/2 literal years) affecting literal Jews in Palestine